How to read amigurumi patterns?

There are several styles of writing amigurumi patterns. For me this is the easiest convention.

Amigurumi are usually crochet in rounds. Do not join (slip stitch) at the end of the round unless it is explicitly said. All the patterns are usually started with 6 single crochet in a magic ring (adjustable ring). ("1. 6 sc in mr") - this is the first round. Six is like a magic number - it divides to 2 and 3, so it provides more increasing/ decreasing possibilities.

sc - single crochet
dc - double crochet
mr - magic ring
inc - increase, 2 single crochet in the next stitch. (the next round will have one more stitch)
dec - decrease, crochet invisible decrease (I prefer that) or  single crochet 2 together(sc2tog) - in the next two stitches- I think the first one looks better, but no matter what you choose it will not affect the amigurumi shape.  (the next round will have one stitch less)
sl st - slip stitch

(n) bracket with number in the end of the row - these are the stitches you are suppose to have after finishing that row.
[inc, sc] rep - repeat the sequence in the brackets till the end of the round.
[inc, sc] x 5 - repeat the sequence 5 times or the number shown.
4 sc - means that you will work 1 sc in the next 4 stitches.
6 dec - means that you will work in the next 12 stitches decreasing them two by two.

Usually you will have to sew some amigurumi parts - so the pattern will advise you to leave a long tail for that. Usually I leave 20 cm - 8 inches, but it really depends.

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